Archive for the ‘ARCHITECT’ Category
cocos2d-x is the natural evolution of the cocos2d-iphone engine to C++ and it is stable and producing multiplatform games.
cocos2d-iphone is a great Objective-C game engine (and the first really) that began as a python engine called cocos2d and was ported to Objective-C + iOS early on in the iPhone SDK days. Arguably Unity and cocos2d are the two biggest indie engines on the App store. Cocos2D is a very simple engine and coming from Flash development many of the concepts are similar (i.e. Sprite, Actions/easing, Layers/Scenes (although slightly different), etc). But getting your Objective-C game to Android and other platforms is not a fun task. There are other options like andengine for android from cocos2d port but each port only gets you so far as you still have two codebases for one game on iOS and Android.
Unity obviously can open up platforms for you but cocos2D-x can also do that for 2D games across iOS, Android, Blackberry Playbook, Windows, Linux and more! This is possible because like oolong engine and other custom multiplatform engines for mobile the core is in C++ with presentation view wrappers/stubs in Objective-C++/C for iOS, Java/C++/NDK for Android, etc. The list of games shows that it is stable and a well treaded engine including games like Hero Academy from Robot Entertainment.
cocos2D-x even has a port of cocos to C#/XNA for Windows Phone development using all the classes you know and love from cocos2d. That is actually pretty sweet to have similar logic to reach Windows Phone (Unity and others bypass because there is no native access by developers sadly still, must, use, XNA — strange considering Unity pushes C# development quite heavily but I digress).
- cocos2d-x downloads
- cocos2d-xna downloads
- the original cocos2d from sweet python
- list of cocos2d-x games
- list of cocos2d-iphone games
Well good news for Flash developers, Flash CS5 will finally compile to native iPhone and Touch Applications. This is great news for many developers out there who have stuck with the Flash platform. I am sure there will still be limitations to what you can do with Flash on the iPhone and it will probably be mostly 2D games and apps but this is a great start to getting the Flash platform truly mobile and up to the rest of the industry.
Flash Professional CS5 will enable you to build applications for iPhone and iPod touch using ActionScript 3. These applications can be delivered to iPhone and iPod touch users through the Apple App Store.*
A public beta of Flash Professional CS5 with prerelease support for building applications for iPhone is planned for later this year. Sign up to be notified when the beta starts.
I have been questioning why they have not moved to this model before when others are doing so such as haXe, Unity3D and MonoTouch. Getting Flash on the web browsers on a mobile is hard because Flash is pretty CPU intensive on embedded devices which is really where computers were in the late 90′s and close to 400-600 MHz processors. Today these machines wouldn’t be able to run Flash very well and that is the same effect you get on a mobile phone. But cross-compiling to native, similar to how Unity 3D does it or other solutions like MonoTouch and XNATouch, this is the best solution until mobile/embedded devices have 1GHz processors and more than 500MB of memory. Adobe is using LLVM, much like the Alchemy model, to achieve getting AS3 content onto an iPhone/Touch with AOT or Ahead of Time compilation rather than JIT compilation.
So how do you build an application for the iPhone? It’s simple, really. The forthcoming beta of Adobe Flash Professional CS5 incorporates the ability to create an iPhone application. You have access to nearly all the AIR 2.0 and Flash Player 10.1 APIs. For example, you can use APIs such as RTMP, Remote Shared Objects, and AMF as well as AIR APIs like SQLite and filesystem access. For more information see the developer FAQ on Adobe Labs.
I am glad to see Adobe finally moving on mobile platforms beyond Flashlite. Flashlite is a poor solution in most cases on embedded devices because they really need native apps to perform, again due to the hardware limitations and it is a whole new platform to learn. Adobe is doing the hard work to make it easy to get developers content on the new embedded devices that are storming the world such as the iPhone and Touch.
Demos of Haxe Sandy:
- Haxe Sandy
- Haxe Sandy Demos
- Haxe Sandy Tutorials by Matthew Casperson
- Haxe Sandy Download
Microsoft has released Silverlight 3 to the web a day earlier than expected. You can go ahead and grab Silverlight 3 RTW build 3.0.40624.0 (4.69MB) from Microsoft.com/Silverlight. Version 3 supports Windows Internet Explorer 6/7/8, Firefox 2/3, and Safari 3/4. In addition, the Silverlight 3 SDK (9.5MB) and the Silverlight 3 Tools (32.2MB) have been posted on the Microsoft Download Center. (arstechnica)
Granted there are lots of years of gain that Flash has on Silverlight but the path that Silverlight it following leads right to Flash. Hopefully this will lead to more innovation on both sides (they might need it with Google Wave pushing html5 <canvas>).
One very nice element of Silverlight since it has been released at verison 1.0 is the HD video support. It has gotten better with each release. This release has smooth streaming support that is pretty impressive for web video.
Interestingly they chose the open source Blender Foundation project Bug Buck Bunny to demonstrate the smooth streaming feature. Ryan Rea has a bit of analysis on how well the video plays across a quad core and memory compared to flash hd video.
Roy Schestowitz plays the flip side and calls this a ‘silver-lie’ released and has lots to say about the Silverlight 3 release and even using Big Buck Bunny to demo it. He states a true fact that up til now lots of companies have abandoned Silverlight in favor of Flash (mlb, nyt etc). It is still used at Netflix but that has an XBOX deal to play Netflixon xbox360.
Flash didn’t really get good until version 4. Typically software is a real version at version 3, that is when most software has the goals and ambitions of 1.0 fully complete and integrated. We shall see how things play out but I still think Silverlight has a long way to go in winning over developers, myself included, but competition is never a bad thing when you are wanting to see innovation.
AIR is very popular for creating twitter clients, Sönke Rohde just made it much easier to make AIR apps for twitter with an AS3 library for Twitter. This library is built on top of core oauth as3 library by iotashin. Core OAuth as3 library is a standard OAuth library this can be used for your own OAuth backends or connecting to other OAuth services as well.
A very nice feature of this library, in addition to being coded cleanly and as3 style, is the ability to have the Twitter OAuth page render inside of Flash.
Instead of opening the Twitter authorization page in the browser the library also contains OAuthLoader which is a wrapper around HTMLLoader which enables to directly show the authorization page within an AIR window:
// use this in the requestTokenHandler instead of navigateToURL var loader:OAuthLoader = new OAuthLoader(); loader.load(request); loader.percentWidth = 100; loader.percentHeight = 100; var w:Window = new Window(); w.width = 800; w.height = 400; w.title = req.url; w.addChild(loader); w.open();
V8-GL from the author states:
Well because of this it is possible to run haXe on the iPhone. The gamehaXe site has found a way to get haXe to compile to iPhone via hxcpp which creates a C++ output from haXe code very similar to Actionscript 3.
I am a bit late to the party but this is great news. It uses the NME library which will allows code to mostly be written to the Flash 9 API and create the C++ for XCode to compile and run on the iPhone and Touch. This creates a path to port Flash games to iPhone/Touch.
This project is one to watch and participate in. Native compilation to the iPhone from haXe is a more simplified code to write in while providing lower level performance which is needed on mobile devices, as processors, cache and ram are much lower than desktop and below what is capable of running the Flash AVM2 currently.
If you have more interest in haXe there are some other great demos on as3/haXe at the game haXe site. Also, Tony at touchmypixel.com has posted some very useful information to help you get started with hxcpp.
The hxcpp project is a newer output target along with a java one but this could be interesting if actionscript like code and many libraries like Physaxe or AS3 libraries could be ported to haXe to output to the iPhone.
Flash 10 will be ready for mainstream hopefully by the end of this year, or early ’10 when the penetration numbers will be up in or around the 90% range via zeh fernando based on previous trajectories.
With that, Flash 10 has many great new things such as the Vector structure that allows a collection of a certain type, which results in a faster collection because of the known type. So anywhere where Arrays are used, that is a possible candidate for a performance increase within some code because you are asking the virtual machine to do less work on each loop (not having to dynamically find out the type).
ByteArray (Thibault Imbert) has demonstrated that for the JPEG encoding in corelib it is up to 2.5 times faster using Vectors than Arrays. Your mileage may vary heavily but it is almost a guaranteed speed boost due to less work. This obviously has great possibilities for speeding up code that uses lots of arrays.
Due to the performance boost the Vector does have some constraints in the typical give and take of coder flexibility with compiler and virtual machine overhead. Vectors are more explicit and strongly typed which is why they are fast, but this is also limiting.
In addition to the data type restriction, the Vector class has other restrictions that distinguish it from the Array class:
- A Vector is a dense array. Unlike an Array, which may have values in indices 0 and 7 even if there are no values in positions 1 through 6, a Vector must have a value (or
null) in each index.
- A Vector can optionally be fixed-length, meaning the number of elements it contains can’t change.
- Access to a Vector’s elements is bounds-checked. You can never read a value from an index greater than the final element (
length - 1). You can never set a value with an index more than one beyond the current final index (in other words, you can only set a value at an existing index or at index
[ Vector docs ]
ByteArray not only used Vectors heavily but did other optimizations that are always good to do, even though optimization is evil when you are working with precious client side resources ensuring an optimized base starting point can be a good thing.
So what did I do ?
- I used bitwise operators as much as possible.
- I replaced all Arrays with fixed length Vectors.
- I used pre-incrementation rather than post-incrementation (thanks Joa for this one ;)).
- I casted to int all my Vector indices access.
- Other minor stuff you always do to optimize your code
Other sources as well for even more optimization or shall I say efficient AS3:
- Polygonal Labs Using Object Pools
- Joa Ebert Tweening and Object Pools
- Joa Ebert Optmization Wiki
- Sean Moore Efficient AS3 roundup (great list of resources for more at the bottom)
- Lost in Actionscript Efficient AS3 Tips
- Big SpaceShip Mouse Leave Tip (flash can hog resources so when it isn’t in focus then let is stop tasking the processor)
- Grant Skinner Idle CPU in AIR FPS Tip (set fps to a lower amount when it is out of focus)
pyamf is pretty sweet for Flash remoting with Pythonic server side, but now we have two nicely done and integrated remoting kits for python on the server side.
amfast is a new remoting library that looks to be as sweet as pyamf (where sweet == fast and useful). I am checking out amfast now but the speed boost alone might be worth it. For instance, working with real-time games, when you need static content you need to grab that quickly sometimes via a content service. The faster that link the better. It also has Twisted integration which is great for networking and SQLAlchemy integration which is in my opinion the best ORM for python (pyamf has twisted, django, pylons, sqlalchemy as well)
amfast is well documented and has some great examples. If you have the Python addiction, check it.
- AmFast is a Flash remoting framework for Python.
- AmFast can use AMF to communicate between Python and Flash, Flex, and any other system that supports AMF.
- AMF is a binary object serialization protocol used by Actionscript based applications.
- Support for NetConnection and RemoteObject RPC.
- Support for Producer/Consumer ‘push’ messaging with HTTP polling, HTTP long-polling, and real-time HTTP streaming channels.
- Support for authentication with NetConnection and RemoteObject.
- Flexible Target mapping system to map message destinations to invokable Target objects.
- Support for ChannelSets with multiple Channels to expose resources in different ways.
- Built in Channels for CherryPy, Twisted Web, and plain WSGI.
- Support for configurable Endpoints. Use AmFast’s built-in AMF encoder/decoder C-extension, or use an external AMF encoder/decoder, such as PyAmf for a pure-Python implementation.
AMF Encoder/Decoder Features
- AMF0/AMF3 encoder/decoder written in C as a Python extension for speed.
- More than 10x faster than the PyAmf encoder/decoder (even when using PyAmf’s optional C-extension).
- Map custom classes with ClassDef objects for complete control over serialization/de-serialization.
- Full support for IExternalizable objects.
- Data persistence with SqlAlchemy including remotely-loadable lazy-loaded attributes.
- Actionscript code generation from ClassDef objects.
Recently added include, you can now use RADIANS or DEGREES to manipulate objects in the engine, also adding standard yaw, pitch and roll methods.
There is a mouse interaction now available with a MouseConstraint class to allow the user to drag a 3d element with the mouse which is great for gaming and interactive 3d physics scenes.
New class: MouseConstraint
There has been a new class to the Papervision3D plug-in called MouseConstraint and a new example to the Papervision3D examples folder. The class basically allows you to attach a world constraint to an object and simulate dragging.
The best update though is you can now use any of the major open source flash 3d engines as the renderer: Papervision 3D, Away3D or Sandy.
AS3 Flash 3D Physics Engines